Breast Cancer: What You Need to Know

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the breast. Cancer starts when cells begin to grow out of control.

 Types of breast cancer

There are several different types of breast cancer. They fall into two main groups: ductal and gynecological cancers. 

Ductal cancers start in cells that make milk. They are made up of cells called milk cells and milk ducts. 

They are usually found near the milk ducts that travel from the breast to the nipple. 

Gynecological cancers begin in cells that make the wall of the womb. 

They are made up of cells called endometrial cells. They are usually found near the innermost part of the womb and the vagina.

Early detection and prevention

• It's important for women to be screened for breast cancer once they reach 50 years of age. During this time, yearly breast cancer screenings are important to women. 

• Men should also take a mammogram. 

• Screening mammograms for breast cancer can be done once every one or two years. The more frequent mammograms that a woman gets, the more likely it is that cancer will be found early. 

 It is important for women to have screenings for breast cancer in the early stages, and once the cancer is detected, doctors can treat it successfully. 

• Women who want to see a doctor for a physical exam should discuss screening options with their doctor. 

• When women notice changes in their breasts, they should have a doctor check them. 

• Women should pay attention to any changes in the breasts.

Know the symptoms

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the three main symptoms of breast cancer are: 

A lump or thickening that won’t go away, even with treatment Pain or achy ness that lasts more than a few weeks Discharge from the nipple Cancer does not always have a visible appearance. 

It can grow slowly and often presents no symptoms at all. Some types of breast cancer do not cause symptoms or can be so slow-growing that they are not detected until a tumor has already reached a considerable size.

When to see a doctor Women who notice any changes in breast tissue should consult a doctor for a full evaluation.

Treatment options

When it comes to breast cancer, there are a few treatment options that are available. Surgery The type of surgery you need depends on the type and location of cancer. 

But, your doctor may recommend removing a lump or other changes to the breast. Surgery can also involve removing lymph nodes in the armpit area. 

Sometimes cancer will require radiation therapy. Chemotherapy aims to kill cancer cells. It can be used to treat breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes. 

It may also be used to treat those breast cancers that have not spread to the lymph nodes. Some chemo drugs can cause side effects such as hair loss, skin rashes, and diarrhea. 

Radiation therapy can also be used to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be combined with other treatments.

What causes breast cancer?

Breast cancer develops from cells that normally make up the breast tissue, called breast cells. Some breast cells may start to change and develop into cancer. 

But, it is important to understand that breast cancer doesn’t always start in the breast tissue. Many breast cancers begin as changes in the cells that grow out of control. 

These changes can be inside the breast or they can occur in other parts of the body. 

Why are some breast cancer cells called “triple-negative?” When breast cancer begins in an organ other than the breast, other organs may also be affected. 

This is called “triple-negative” breast cancer. The cells of this cancer have estrogen receptor (ER)-positive (positive) as well as one or more negative receptors.


Cancer prevention is very important when it comes to preventing breast cancer. Continue your regular visits to the doctor and don't be afraid to tell the doctor about your concerns. 

Discussing breast cancer and the best ways to prevent it is what helps the doctor detect it and it also helps the doctor to provide better treatment for your cancer.